Cheapest round trip flights to London in Economy
Cardiff - England
Cardiff is the capital and largest city in Wales and the 10th largest city in the United Kingdom. The city is the chief commercial center of Wales, the base for most national cultural and sporting institutions, the Welsh national media, and the seat of the National Assembly for Wales. Cardiff is a significant tourism center and the most popular visitor destination in Wales with 18.3 million visitors in 2010. In 2011, Cardiff was ranked 6th in the world in National Geographic's alternative tourist destinations. The city of Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan and later South Glamorgan. Cardiff is part of the Eurocities network of the largest European cities. The Cardiff urban area covers a slightly larger area outside of the county boundary, and includes the towns of Dinas Powys and Penarth. A small town until the early 19th century, its prominence as a major port for the transport of coal following the arrival of industry in the region contributed to its rise as a major city. Cardiff lies within the north temperate zone and has an essentially maritime climate, characterised by mild weather that is often cloudy, wet and windy. Summers tend to be warm and sunny, with average maximum temperatures between 19°C or 66°F and 22°C or 72°F. Winters tend to be fairly wet, but rainfall is rarely excessive and the temperature usually stays above freezing. Spring and autumn feel quite similar and the temperatures tend to stay above 14°C or 57°F. Rain is unpredictable at any time of year, although the showers tend to be shorter in summer.
Cardiff was made a city in 1905, and proclaimed capital of Wales in 1955. Since the 1990s Cardiff has seen significant development with a new waterfront area at Cardiff Bay which contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly and the Wales Millennium Centre Arts Complex. Current developments include the continuation of the redevelopment of the Cardiff Bay and city center areas with projects such as the Cardiff International Sports Village, a BBC drama village, and a new business district in the city center. Cardiff is the largest media center in the UK outside of London. Sporting venues in the city include the Millennium Stadium - the national stadium for the Wales national rugby union team and the Wales national football team, SWALEC Stadium - the home of Glamorgan County Cricket Club, Cardiff City Stadium - the home of Cardiff City football team and Cardiff Blues rugby union team, Cardiff International Sports Stadium - the home of Cardiff Amateur Athletic Club and Cardiff Arms Park - the home of Cardiff Rugby Club. The city is also HQ of the Wales Rally GB and was awarded with the European City of Sport in 2009 due to its role in hosting major international sporting events. It has been announced that Cardiff will once again be the European City of Sport in 2014. The Millennium Stadium will also host 11 football matches as part of the 2012 Summer Olympics, including the games' opening event and the men's bronze medal match.
Archaeological evidence from sites in and around Cardiff, such as the St Lythans burial chamber, near Wenvoe - about four miles or 6.4 kilometers west, south west of the Cardiff city center, the Tinkinswood burial chamber, near St Nicholas - about six miles or 10 kilometers west of Cardiff city center, the Cae'rarfau Chambered Tomb, Creigiau - about six miles or 10 kilometers north west of Cardiff city center and the Gwern y Cleppa Long Barrow, near Coedkernew, Newport - about eight and a quarter miles or 13.5 kilometers north east of Cardiff city center show that Neolithic people had settled in the area by at least around 6,000 years ago, about 1,500 years before either Stonehenge or the Great Pyramid of Giza was completed. A group of five Bronze Age tumuli is at the summit of The Garth (Welsh: Mynydd y Garth), within the county's northern boundary. Four Iron Age hill fort and enclosure sites have been identified within Cardiff's present-day county boundaries, including Caerau Hillfort, an enclosed area of 5.1 hectares or 51,000 m2. Little is known about the fort and civilian settlement in the period between the Roman departure from Britain and the Norman Conquest. Historian William Rees suggests that the settlement probably shrank in size and may even have been abandoned. In the absence of Roman rule, Wales was divided into small kingdoms; early on, Meurig ap Tewdrig emerged as the local king in Glywysing - which later became Glamorgan. The area passed through his family until the advent of the Normans in the 11th century.
King Edward VII granted Cardiff city status on 28 October 1905, and the city acquired a Roman Catholic Cathedral in 1916. In subsequent years an increasing number of national institutions were located in the city, including the National Museum of Wales, Welsh National War Memorial, and the University of Wales Registry Building. However, it was denied the National Library of Wales, partly because the library's founder, Sir John Williams, considered Cardiff to have "a non-Welsh population". After a brief post-war boom, Cardiff docks entered a prolonged decline in the interwar period. By 1936, their trade was less than half its value in 1913, reflecting the slump in demand for Welsh coal. Bomb damage during the Cardiff Blitz in World War II included the devastation of Llandaff Cathedral, and in the immediate postwar years the city's link with the Bute family came to an end. The city was proclaimed capital city of Wales on 20 December 1955, by a written reply by the Home Secretary Gwilym Lloyd George. Caernarfon had also vied for this title. Cardiff therefore celebrated two important anniversaries in 2005. The Encyclopedia of Wales notes that the decision to recognise the city as the capital of Wales "had more to do with the fact that it contained marginal Conservative constituencies than any reasoned view of what functions a Welsh capital should have". Although the city hosted the Commonwealth Games in 1958, Cardiff only became a centre of national administration with the establishment of the Welsh Office in 1964, which later prompted the creation of various other public bodies such as the Arts Council of Wales and the Welsh Development Agency, most of which were based in Cardiff.
Cardiff is the major transport hub in Wales and is the focus for many arterial road and rail routes that connect the city with the rest of Wales, and with England. The M4 is the principal motorway in the region that connects Cardiff with Swansea to the west, and Newport and London to the east. Cardiff is served by three junctions of the M4, plus A48(M), which leads onto the M4. The A470 is another major road within the city that provides an important link to the north with the Heads of the Valleys road, mid and north Wales. The A4232 - also known as the Peripheral Distributor Road or PDR, when completed, will form part of the Cardiff ring-road system along with the M4 motorway between junctions 30 and 33. Cardiff Central Railway Station is the largest railway station in Wales with seven platforms, and one of the busiest in the UK. It provides direct services to nearby Bridgend and Newport, long distance 'Cross-Wales' services to Wrexham and Holyhead, and other major cities such as Birmingham, London, Manchester, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Cardiff Queen Street Railway Station is the second busiest in Wales and is the hub for routes via the Valley Lines services that connect the South Wales valleys and the Cardiff suburbs with the city center on the former site of Temperance Town.
It is located at the eastern end of the city center, and also provides services to Cardiff Bay. Cardiff has a suburban rail system known as Valley Lines, which is operated by Arriva Trains Wales. There are eight lines which serve 20 stations in the city, 26 in the wider urban area including Taffs Well, Penarth and Dinas Powys, and more than 60 in the South Wales valleys and the Vale of Glamorgan. Cardiff has a comprehensive bus network, with municipal bus company Cardiff Bus providing the vast majority of routes in the city and to Newport, Barry and Cardiff International Airport, its hub is Cardiff Central Bus Station. National Express and Megabus provides direct services to major cities such as Swansea, London, Newcastle upon Tyne and Manchester. Domestic and international air links to Cardiff and South & West Wales are provided from Cardiff Airport (CWL), the only international airport in Wales. The airport is situated in the village of Rhoose, 10 miles (16 km) west of the city. There are regular bus services linking the airport with the Cardiff Central Bus Station as well as a train service from Rhoose Cardiff International Airport railway station to Cardiff Central.
The London Travelcard gives you access to unlimited travel on London Underground trains, buses, Docklands Light Railway, trams and overland trains within London.
Much cheaper than buying single tickets and far easier - just one ticket for a day or a week
Buy one now and never have to stand in line.
<<< Back to Main
Get current road traffic reports. Frixo is a free service aimed at giving you live traffic news and information to make driving in the UK easier.
Gourmet Food Store - Discover a world of luscious gourmet food. Shop our exquisite food selection now and save. Caviar. Smoked Salmon. Truffles. Foie Gras. Oil and Vinegar.
The VisitBritain Shop has a wide range of exclusive discounts and special offers to save visitors to Great Britain money.
VisitBritain Shop is a one stop shop for all British attractions, events, shows, travel and transport - all the essentials for a fantastic vacation to Britain, allowing travellers to better plan their travel in advance. They offer products such as Tourist Passes and BritRail Train Tickets that are not available in the UK. VisitBritain Shop is the official shop for the British Tourist Authority, offering great British product knowledge along with 60 years of experience working with North American and European travelers. They are the official international provider of London transport (the Visitor Oyster Card and the London Visitor Travelcard) on behalf of Transport for London with extensive itineraries that will help you plan your British vacation.
Select your language from the options below and go to the VisitBritain Shop:
The BritRail GB Flexi Pass is designed for the spontaneous traveller who moves at a leisurely pace and enjoys flexibility in their travel plans and rail tickets. This pass offers unlimited travel for a set number of days on any scheduled train over the whole of England, Scotland and Wales.
Buy BritRail Tickets
South Coast of Turkey
Turkish Black Sea Area
London 2012 map is the essential travel accessory with street by street detail, a London tube map and the locations of all the top London attractions.... Buy It!!