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Individuals of all economic strata are shedding their jobs, hometowns, and lifestyle to embrace a wider experience and a more meaningful existence.

Carolina Sevilla

Carolina SevillaCarolina Sevilla is a former Consul at the Consulate of Costa Rica in New York City and former Ministerial Counselor - Security Council at the Costa Rican Mission to the United Nations.

Currently she is Director of Operations at BIONIC YARN and Founder of the 5minutebeachcleanup.

Carolina is a lawyer recycling plastic pulled from the ocean and on beaches, rivers and waterways to turn it into thread as well as for other uses.

She is the founder of 5minutebeachcleanup - an initiative focused on creating awareness of our responsibility to keep the oceans clean from rubbish.

She is an art lover who has painted for over 20 years and also writes prose. Her website at www.carolinasevilla.com is where she shares her favorite works of art and her inspirational prose.

This former lawyer in the Costa Rican Consular Mission, an artist and environmentalist completely shifted her life from a legal counselor in New York City to become an environmentalist living in a tree house in Santa Teresa, Costa Rica recovering plastic waste and transform it into fashion and art.

Carolina Sevilla"According to Environmental Health News, plastic has been found in the stomachs of species of whales, stingrays, sharks, seabirds and marine mammals causing their death."

"CSRIO Australia warned that by 2050, 99% of seabirds in the world will have ingested some type of plastic."

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is located in the North Pacific Gyre off the coast of California and is the largest ocean garbage site in the world. This floating mass of plastic is twice the size of Texas, with plastic pieces outnumbering sea life six to one.

In the Los Angeles area alone, ten metric tons of plastic fragments such as grocery bags, straws and soda bottles—are carried into the Pacific Ocean every day of the week.

Annually about 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide and more than one million bags are used every minute. For something that does not biodegrade - that's a horrendous amount of plastic. A plastic bag has an average "working life" of about 15 minutes.

According to the Container Recycling Institute there were 100.7 billion plastic beverage bottles sold in the U.S. in 2014, or 315 bottles per person. 57% of those beverage bottles were plastic water bottles - 57.3 billion sold in 2014. This is up from 3.8 billion plastic water bottles sold in 1996

The process of producing bottled water requires about 6 times as much water per bottle as ends up in the container. 14% of all litter comes from beverage containers. When caps and labels are considered, the number is higher - and remember that almost all the plastic in our oceans originate from land.

Carolina SevillaPlastic makes for approximately 90 percent of all trash floating on the ocean's surface, with around 46,000 pieces of plastic per square mile.

One million sea birds and 100,000 marine mammals die annually as a result of plastic in our oceans. How many grocery and convenience store shoppers consider that disposable plastic bags have a devastating impact on marine animals such as the whales, seals, sea birds and turtles. This happens every year after they become entangled in or by eating plastic bags.

44 percent of all seabird species, 22 percent of cetaceans, all sea turtle species and a growing list of fish species have been documented with plastic in or around their bodies.

"You likely recognize the spongy stuff that makes up your takeout coffee cup? But did you know that your coffee cup lid is probably the same type of plastic?"

"Expanded polystyrene foam - colloquially known as "Styrofoam" is basically polystyrene that's expanded with air. This type of plastic is made from styrene, which is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen in the near future by the National Toxicology Program back in 2011."

"Styrofoam will outlive each of us by at least 500 years - and it ends up in our oceans.

Many localities have already banned Styrofoam - it even looks like New York may soon take action and in Costa Rica there is a bill in the Congress. So, PLEASE bring your own cup when buying coffee or tea."

"Plastic straws are terrible for the oceans. Try to not use them or go buy yourself reusable ones. Next time you are at the beach take five minutes to pick up trash and you'll be amazed at just how much you can collect."

Carolina Sevilla"Things start to change when a community gets organized to protect the local environment and its natural resources without waiting for the government to organize it for them."

"Our oceans generate 70% of the oxygen in the air, and absorb much of its carbon dioxide. They are the driving force behind the climate, the weather and the chemistry of the planet.

These same oceans occupy over 2/3's of the earth's surface and provide a home for most of the living creatures on the planet."

"It is a sobering fact that our knowledge of the ocean is far less than the impact we ourselves have upon it.

But, it isn't too late to expand on our understanding of the world's oceans and to use that knowledge to effect positive changes."

"Begin now to look for new ways to reduce your carbon footprint on the planet. Eat less meat, or maybe even none.

Avoid disposable plastic products whenever possible. Walk or bicycle whenever possible instead of driving a car.

Fix that broken appliance or mend that item of clothing instead of tossing it in the bin and buying something new."

Carolina Sevilla"All these seem like small gestures, but can have an emmense effect in the long run."

"Donald Trump's presidential election represents a threat for the environment - a 'disaster for the planet' warn climate scientists.

Trump has already threatened to pull America out of the landmark Paris climate change accord, eliminate the Environmental Protection Agency, repeal environmental regulations, and cut climate funding."

At a pivotal moment when the planet’s nations have belatedly banded together to confront an existential threat, a political novice who calls global warming a Chinese-propagated myth is taking the helm of the world's foremost superpower."

"Environmentalists are already frightened at Trump’s presidential preparations. He has appointed Myron Ebell, director of a conservative thinktank, to oversee transition plans for the Environmental Protection Agency, which Trump has casually earmarked for abolition."

Ebell has said global warming is “nothing to worry about” and that the Clean Power Plan is illegal.

"Looking to the future, there are a few ways that we could limit the damage and we must be looking for these options now more than ever.

With the increasing consumption of single use packaging, the quantities of plastic entering the ocean have risen astronomically over the past 30 years.

Without the significant development of high-volume recovery and recycling infrastructure, particularly in coastal communities, "there will be more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2048."

Former vice president Al Gore said lately:

"In that spirit, I hope that he will work with the overwhelming majority of us who believe that this climate crisis is the greatest threat we face as a nation."

Carolina SevillaBIONIC® is a call to action to clean up the environment and make the global community tougher, more united and more resilient.

Stronger Thread®. Greater Good — or #strongerthread — puts a name to the movement, bringing people together to strengthen communities and create a virtuous cycle for the earth.

The critical ingredient of BIONIC® is recovered plastic. Simply collecting this plastic waste is a tremendous task — but, like our materials, the work of collection is tied to public service and the greater good.

At BIONIC® the first step in the STRONGER THREAD® movement is its partnership with Waterkeeper® Alliance to recover plastic from coastal and marine environments.

As the name suggests, BIONIC® Yarn is a start-up that produces strength-optimised fibres from recycled ocean plastic.

The quality of the resulting yarn is so good that it is used by high-end retailers like Timberland and G-Star Raw as well as in fashion projects like ESA Couture in Orbit.

Bionic Yarn is really a combination of recycling and textile technologies. By taking recycled plastic and use it at the core of the yarn. Other textiles are then typically wrapped around the plastic, such as really high-quality cotton thread, to make denim.

The result is greater performance in terms of abrasion and tensile strength – typically a four-fold increase compared to traditional alternatives. This yarn can be designed to meet nearly any performance or aesthetic requirements a partner asks for.

Carolina SevillaThe result is a high-end product that also helps the environment in innovative ways. The plastic BIONIC® Yarn uses has been recycled from coastlines in Asia and Central America.

These are regions without recycling infrastructure and so plastic waste ends up on their shores. What BIONIC® Yarn has done is create a market for this waste and allow these communities to reap the benefit.

The plastic gets collected on the ground and sorted on the spot before being shipped to them. Every step of the collection process is fully certified – from the individual retrieving the debris to the shipping container transporting a batch of plastic.

By making people more mindful about how much plastic is thrown away, it is possible to get them to focus on all the synthetic waste that's been created and what to do with it.

It's another resource we can make use of – once the plastic is melted and extruded, it's no different from new plastic refined from oil. To that end, BIONIC® Yarn is also trying other products with injection molds such as plastic toys, packaging and even lotion bottles.

"Ocean trash is a serious pollution problem that affects the health of people, wildlife and local economies. Trash in the water and on the shore can kill marine animals, injure swimmers and beachgoers, and ensnare boat propellers."

Carolina Sevilla The links below are to Carolina's beach initiative, the bionic thread project and her social media pages. Please support her efforts and initiatives to clean up our beaches and waters, but be part of the solution by consuming much less plastics.

www.carolinasevilla.com
www.twitter.com/carolinasevilla
www.facebook.com/carolina.sevilla.336
www.bionic.is
www.instabasic.com/5minutebeachcleanup
www.instabasic.com/carolinasevilla_






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Bonesetters Waiting Room

In the Bonesetter's Waiting Room:
Travels Through Indian Medicine

BBC Radio 4 Book of the Week India defies definition, and the story of medicine in India is similarly rich and complex: shaped by unique challenges and opportunities, uniting cutting-edge technological developments with ancient cultural traditions, fuelled by political changes which transformed the lives of millions and moulded by the energy of forceful individuals. Here, Aarathi Prasad investigates how Indian medicine came to be the way it is. Her travels will take her to bonesetter clinics in Jaipur and Hyderabad and the waiting-rooms of Bollywood's best plastic surgeons, and introduce her to traditional healers as well as the world-beating heart surgeon who is revolutionising treatment of the poor around the globe.

Like a Virgin

LIKE A VIRGIN
Exploring the Frontiers of Conception

Sexual evolution is a slippery business. Like all mammals, we humans seem to have been left no choice in the matter: even though it is costly, inefficient and dangerous, if we want to reproduce we simply have to have sex. Yet most human cultures tell the tale of a maiden who gives birth untouched by a man; and in the wild there are plenty of creatures – such as turkeys, komodo dragons, sharks and the ‘Jesus Christ’ lizard (which walks on water, too) – that take various approaches to reproducing without sex.

In LIKE A VIRGIN, the biology writer Aarathi Prasad discusses how reproduction without sex is achieved in animals and explores why evolution hasn’t made it an option for humans – yet. In doing so, she provides a quirky, entertaining and perceptive overview of the mysteries of evolutionary biology, sex and reproduction – past, present and future.

It’s a remarkable story that ranges across Greek mythology, natural history, agriculture, conservation and medicine; takes in some of the most exciting areas of developmental genetics and molecular biology that other popular science books largely ignore; and is packed full of a cast of amazing characters, be they obscure animals or eccentric scientists such as the respected geneticist Dr Helen Spurway who in the UK in the 1950s unwittingly sparked a nationwide search for a virgin mother.

There is now a plethora of strategies being developed in reproductive medicine that could ultimately keep our species going in a world of embellished sex: the creation of artificial eggs and sperm from bone marrow, labs-on-chips on which eggs are fertilized, silicone wombs and artificial wombs (where fetuses can spend their full nine months), and even research to prepare us for reproduction in space. What’s more, we are finally beginning to understand what genetic modifications are needed to allow for the creation of women who could have babies without having sex. Now that we have the competent hand of science in our lives, will girls still need men?

Publisher: Oneworld (UK/US)
Pub Date: 16 August 2012
Status: Draft manuscript
Length: 288 pages


All rights available excluding:
UK & Commonwealth, US, Arabic (Arab Scientific), Japan (East Press)

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Yabanci

Yabanci is a book by a Dutch woman who moved from Holland to Turkey to start a new life in a Turkish village overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. A great read for those who are considering a move abroad or have lived in a different culture. Available in English as an ebook or in Dutch in both print and popular ebook formats... take a look


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