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The Republic of France


Cannes - France

Holiday in Cannes, FranceCannes is a city located on the French Riviera and well known for being the home of the annual Cannes Film Festival a major event for the film industry. It is a commune of France located in the Alpes-Maritimes department that is a busy tourist destination with luxury shops, restaurants and hotels. The Promenade de la Croisette is the waterfront avenue with palm trees. La Croisette is known for picturesque beaches and for its restaurants, cafés and boutiques. La Suquet, the old town, provides a good view of La Croisette. The fortified tower and Chapel of St Anne house the Musée de la Castre. The Man in the Iron Mask was imprisoned on the Île Sainte-Marguerite. The Musée d'Art et d'Histoire de Provence houses artifacts from prehistoric to present, in an 18th century mansion. The Musée de la Castre has objects from the Pacific Atolls, Peruvian relics and Mayan pottery. Other venues include the Musée de la Marine, Musée de la Mer, Musée de la Photographie and Musée International de la Parfumerie. 19th century Cannes can still be seen in its grand villas, built to reflect the wealth and standing of their owners and inspired by anything from medieval castles to Roman villas. Lord Brougham’s Italianate Villa Eléonore Louise, one of the first in Cannes, was built between 1835 and 1839. Also known as the Quartier des Anglais, this is the oldest residential area in Cannes. Another landmark is the Villa Fiésole, known today as the Villa Domergue, that was designed by Jean-Gabriel Domergue in the style of Fiesole, near Florence. The villas are not open to the public, but Villa Domergue may be visited on appointment.

Holiday in Cannes, FranceThe area around Cannes has developed into a high-tech cluster. The technopolis of Sophia Antipolis lies in the hills beyond Cannes. Created in 1970-1984, it houses primarily companies in the fields of computing, electronics, pharmacology and biotechnology. Several institutions of higher learning are also located here, along with the European headquarters of W3C. In the early years, one of the main challenges of Sophia Antipolis was to relate people and to create a sense of community. The Human Factor is what was to distinguish the Science and Technology Park in the world as a landmark of science, invention, innovation and research. It was to focus on building an international environment, creating an international community. This means taking into account and improving tenant interaction, networking and cross fertilization of ideas. The concept was that bringing together people from different intellectual horizons and making them meet, would bring added value and generate innovation. Many professional clubs were thus launched: The Sophia Business Angels Club, the Sophia Nordic Link, Art Sophia, Telecom Valley to name just a few. Sophia Antipolis is named after Sophie Glikman-Toumarkine, the wife of French Senator Pierre Laffitte, founder of the park, and incidentally, Sophia, the Greek word for wisdom, and Antipolis, the ancient Greek name of Antibes. Many of the roads within the technology park have Greek names. There is a giant sculptured Greek urn as a centre-piece on one of the roundabouts.

Holiday in Cannes, FranceCannes is not renowned for traditional theatre. However, small venues perform productions and host short sketches during the annual International Actors Performance Festival. Popular theaters include the Espace Miramar and the Alexandre III. The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival international du film de Cannes or simply le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is held annually, usually in May. Other specific festivals and shows are Midem - the foremost trade show for the music industry. MIPIM - the worlds largest property-related trade show. The Cannes Lions International Advertising Festival and the Carnival on the Riviera whhich is an annual parade through the streets to mark the 21 day period prior to Shrove Tuesday. The International Festival of Games is a festival of bridge, belote, backgammon, chess, draughts, tarot and more held in February. The Festival de la Plaisance is an event for boating enthusiasts in the Vieux Port during September. The International Actors Performance Festival puts on comedy sketches and performances by fringe artists. The International Luxury Travel Market brings together under one roof the top international luxury travel providers and suppliers from all around the world. Le Festival d’Art Pyrotechnique is a magnificent annual fireworks competition held in the summer in the Bay of Cannes. Mipcom and MIPTV, held in October and April respectively, are the world's most important trade markets for the television industry. The Pan-African Film Festival, held in early April features films from the African diaspora. On the 3rd of November 2011 it played host to the G20 organisation of industrialised nations. The economy of Cannes is based on tourism, business fairs, trade and aviation. Cannes is host to 6,500 companies, of which 3,000 are traders, artisans and service providers. Cannes hosts the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center, headquarters of Thales Alenia Space, the first European satellite manufacturer.

Holiday in Cannes, FranceLocated 24 kilometers or 15 miles from Cannes, the Nice Côte d’Azur Airport serves close to 10 million passengers each year. The smaller Cannes – Mandelieu Airport is also nearby. CannesExpress operate a regular door-2-door Airport Shuttle service between the Nice Airport and the hotel accommodations in Cannes. Price per seat is 20 Euros. TGV Rail Services to the Gare du Cannes provide access from major French cities, including Nice, Marseille, Lyon, Paris and Toulouse. Other cities with rail connections include Brussels (6 hours), Milan (5 hours), Basel (10 hours), Rome (10 hours) and Venice (10 hours). The minor train stations Gare du Cannes-La Bocca and Gare du Bosquet serve only regional destinations. Coach bus services arrive at the Gare Routière du Cannes, in the centre of the city, near the Cannes Town Hall. Companies from abroad include Eurolines and Agence Phoceens. Regional services are by Rapides Côte d’Azur and CTM, with services from Nice and Grasse/Mandelieu respectively. Local bus services are provided by Bus Azur. Ferries are available in the Nice harbour from Bastia and Calvi in Corsica, with services provided by SNCM Ferryterranée and Corsica Ferries. From Bastia, the journey takes 4 hours and 45 minutes on the conventional ferries and 3 hours and 40 minutes on the express ferries. From Calvi, conventional vessels take 3 hours and 45 minutes and express vessels take 2 hours and 45 minutes. An average of four ferries each day sail on these routes with more added during the summer.

Holiday in Cannes, FranceBy the 2nd century BC the Ligurian Oxybii established a settlement in what is now the Cannes area known as Aegitna. Historians are unsure what the name means. The area was a fishing village used as a port of call between the Lérins Islands. In 69 AD it became the scene of violent conflict between the troops of Othos and Vitellius. In the 10th century the town was known as Canua. This name may derive from canna, a reed. Canua was probably the site of a small Ligurian port, and later a Roman outpost on Le Suquet Hill, suggested by Roman tombs discovered here. Le Suquet housed an 11th century tower which overlooked swamps where the city now stands. Most of the ancient activity, especially protection, was on the Lérins Islands and the history of Cannes is the history of these islands. An attack by the Saracens in 891, who remained until the end of the 10th century, devastated the country around Canua. The insecurity of the Lérins Islands forced the monks to settle on the mainland, at the Suquet. Construction of a castle in 1035 fortified the city by then known as Cannes, and at the end of the 11th century construction was started on two towers on the Lérins Islands. One took a century to build; the other required three centuries. Around 1530, Cannes detached from the monks who had controlled the city for hundreds of years and became independent. During the 18th century, the Spanish and British both tried to gain control of the Lérins Islands, but were chased away by the French. The islands were later controlled by many, such as Jean-Honoré Alziary, and the Bishop of Fréjus. The islands had many different purposes - at the end of the 19th century, one was a hospital for soldiers in the Crimean War.

Holiday in Cannes, FranceHenry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux bought land at the Croix des Gardes and constructed the villa Eleonore-Louise. His work to improve living conditions attracted the English aristocracy, who also built winter residences. At the end of the 19th century, several railways were completed. This prompted the arrival of streetcars. In Cannes, projects such as the Boulevard Carnot, the Rue d'Antibes and the Carlton Hotel on the Promenade de la Croisette were carried out. After the closure of the Casino des Fleurs (Hôtel Gallia), a luxury establishment was built for the rich winter clientele, the Casino Municipal next to the pier Albert-Edouard. This casino was demolished and replaced by the new Palace in 1979. With the 20th century came new luxury hotels such as the Miramar and the Martinez. The city was modernised with a sports centre, street cars, a post office, and schools. There were fewer British and German tourists after the First World War but more Americans. Winter tourism gave way to summer tourism and the summer casino at the Palm Beach was constructed. The city council had the idea of starting an international film festival shortly before World War II. The first film festival opened on the 20th of September 1946, held in the Casino Municipal.

Holiday in Cannes, FranceIt took The Man in the Iron Mask 11 years to leave the tiny, forested island of Île Sainte-Marguerite (English: St Marguerite Island). The mysterious individual was believed to be of noble blood, but his identity has never been proven. His cell can be visited in the Fort of St Marguerite, now renamed the Musée de la Mer (English: Museum of the Sea). This museum also houses discoveries from shipwrecks off the island, including Roman from the 1st century BC and Saracen from the 10th century AD. ceramics. Cistercian monks are the only inhabitants of the smaller, southern St. Honorat Island. Monks have inhabited the island since AD 410 and, at the height of their powers, owned Cannes, Mougins and Vallauris. Medieval vestiges remain in the stark church, which is open to the public, and in the ruins of the 11th century monastery on the edge of the sea. On the island the monks divide their time between prayer and producing red and white wines. Cannes has a Mediterranean climate and the city enjoys 12 hours of sunshine per day during summer from May to September, while in winter from December to February the weather is mild. Both seasons see a relatively low rainfall and most rain occurs during October and November, when 110mm falls. Cannes summers are long and warm, with summer daytime temperatures regularly hitting 30°C or 86°F, while average temperatures are about 25°C or 77°F. Temperatures remain high from June to September, the busiest time of the year. Despite the hot daytime temperatures, a Mediterranean breeze keeps summer evenings comfortably cool. Temperatures drop below 10°C or 50°F for only three months of the year from December to February. The spring and autumn are also warm, although more suited to those who prefer slightly cooler weather.

Climate of Cannes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
13.2
(55.8)
14.8
(58.6)
17.1
(62.8)
20.2
(68.4)
23.6
(74.5)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
24.3
(75.7)
20.8
(69.4)
16.3
(61.3)
13.7
(56.7)
19.2
(66.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
8.6
(47.5)
10.1
(50.2)
12.5
(54.5)
15.8
(60.4)
19.3
(66.7)
22.1
(71.8)
22.2
(72.0)
19.7
(67.5)
16.1
(61.0)
11.6
(52.9)
8.8
(47.8)
14.6
(58.3)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4.0
(39.2)
5.5
(41.9)
8.0
(46.4)
11.4
(52.5)
14.9
(58.8)
17.4
(63.3)
17.4
(63.3)
15.1
(59.2)
11.4
(52.5)
7.0
(44.6)
4.0
(39.2)
9.9
(49.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 88.7
(3.492)
92.3
(3.634)
74.6
(2.937)
69.3
(2.728)
50.3
(1.98)
40.2
(1.583)
16.7
(0.657)
36.0
(1.417)
61.8
(2.433)
121.2
(4.772)
117.3
(4.618)
89.4
(3.52)
857.7
(33.768)
Source: www.infoclimat.fr


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Wine Tasting Notebook

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The fastest and most direct way to learn about wine is to take good tasting notes. This is no big secret, but simply the way that beginners learn the fundamentals and professionals hone their skills. The wine tasting forms act as both time savers for professionals and training wheels for beginner and intermediate wine tasters. The accompanying guides serve as a great way to jog an experienced taster's memory as well as an excellent introduction for novices to hit the ground running and learn about wine.

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French Wine Map

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There is not a more detailed, technically accurate or better looking Wine Map of France. The maps are extensively researched and includes adjacent regions in Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Spain. The map includes detail maps of Bordeaux, Côte d'Or and Beaujolais. Each is 24 by 36 inches, expertly printed on heavyweight acid-free archival paper that is suitable for framing. Included with each is an eight page index booklet.

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Wine Varietal Chart

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Clearly see the big picture of wine grape varieties and how they relate to one another. A beautiful addition to any tasting room or wine cellar. The accompanying reference book, The Wine and Grape Indexes, is the most comprehensive index available of the grape varieties used in worldwide wine appelations. It helps to answer the proverbial question: what grape am I drinking? The Wine Grape Varietal Table is 24 by 36 inches printed in color on acid-free archival paper and is suitable for framing, making it a great gift for any and all wine lovers.

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An Encyclopedia of the Wines and Domaines of France
by Clive Coates

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In this handsome and engaging book, Clive Coates, one of the world's leading authorities on wine, gives us the most up-to-date, comprehensive, and detailed study of the wines of France ever written. Coates's vast knowledge of his subject together with his natural gift as a storyteller make An Encyclopedia of the Wines and Domaines of France as informative as it is entertaining. He discusses every appellation and explains its character, distinguishes the best growers, and uses a star system to identify the finest estates. With more than forty specially commissioned maps that show the main appellations and wine villages of France in detail and a format that invites browsing as well as in-depth study, this book will be essential reading for anyone, professional or amateur, interested in wine.

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