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London Olympics 2012

Missy Franklin


Melissa FranklinMelissa FranklinMelissa FranklinMelissa FranklinMelissa Franklin

Missy Franklin, born May 10, 1995 in Pasadena, California, is an American swimmer. She is a five-time medalist with three gold, one silver and one bronze at the World Aquatics Championships and a two-time silver medalist at the World Short Course Championships. As part of the American team, she holds the world record in the 4×100 meter medley relay (short course). Individually, she currently holds the world record in the 200 meter backstroke (short course) and the American record in the 200 meter backstroke (long course). Franklin's success earned her the FINA Swimmer of the Year award in 2011.

Franklin began swimming at the age of five at the urging of her mother. She is a part of the class of 2013 at Regis Jesuit High School in Aurora, Colorado. Her father works for Rocky Mountain Cleantech Open, which helps develop clean technology for startup entrepreneurs, and her mother is a family physician. Both of Franklin's parents are originally from Canada. Because Franklin has dual citizenship, Franklin's mother suggested she represent Canada to ease the pressure on making a national team because of the depth of USA Swimming. However, Franklin refused, citing her patriotism towards the United States. She has been coached by Todd Schmitz from the Colorado Stars club team since she was 7 years old. Franklin says her favorite athlete is Natalie Coughlin. At the age of 13, Franklin competed at the 2008 U.S. Olympic Team Trials, but did not qualify to swim in any events at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Her best result was 37th place in the 100 meter freestyle.

At the 2010 National Championships, Franklin competed in six individual events, and qualified to swim at the 2010 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships by finishing second in the 100 and 200 meter backstroke. At the 2010 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, Franklin finished fourth in the 100 meter backstroke and did not make the A final for the 50 and 200 meter backstroke. Franklin earned the first international medals of her career at the 2010 FINA Short Course World Championships in Dubai. In the 200 meter backstroke, Franklin finished in second place behind French swimmer Alexianne Castel. Franklin also earned a silver medal in the 4×100 meter medley relay for her contribution in the heats. For her performance in 2010, she won the Breakout Performer of the Year Award at the seventh annual Golden Goggle Awards.

In her first long course world championship meet at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, Franklin won a total of five medals, three gold, one silver, and one bronze. In her first event, the 4×100-meter freestyle relay, Franklin won a silver medal with Natalie Coughlin, Jessica Hardy, and Dana Vollmer in a time of 3:34.47. Swimming the second leg, Franklin had a split of 52.99, the second-best among all participants. Franklin won her first individual medal, a bronze, in the 50 meter backstroke, finishing behind Russian Anastasia Zuyeva and Japanese Aya Terakawa. Shortly after the 50 meter backstroke final, Franklin competed in the 4×200 meter freestyle relay with Dagny Knutson, Katie Hoff, and Allison Schmitt and won gold ahead of Australia and China in a time of 7:46.14. Franklin's leadoff time of 1:55.06 was faster than the winning time of Italian Federica Pellegrini in the individual 200 meter freestyle final (1:55.58). After setting the national record in the semifinals of the 200 meter backstroke (2:05.90), Franklin dominated the field in the final with a time of 2:05.10, breaking her own national record and winning gold.

This was Franklin's first individual world title, and her time in the final was the third-fastest effort of all time. Shortly after the 200 meter backstroke final, Franklin competed in the 4×100 meter medley relay with Natalie Coughlin, Rebecca Soni, and Dana Vollmer and won gold with a time of 3:52.36, over three seconds ahead of second-place finisher China. Swimming the freestyle leg, Franklin had a split of 52.79, the fastest in the field. The final time of 3:52.36 for the medley relay was the second-fastest effort of all time, just behind the Chinese-owned world record of 3:52.19. For her performance at these championships, she won the Female Athlete of the Year, Female Race of the Year (200 meter backstroke), and the Relay Performance of the Year (4×100 meter medley relay) Award at the eight annual Golden Goggle Awards. She was also named the best female swimmer for 2011 by FINA Aquatics World Magazine. Three days after the 2011 World Aquatics Championships ended in Shanghai on July 30, Franklin flew to Palo Alto, California to compete at the 2011 National Championships, which began on August 2. At these championships, Franklin competed in four individual events, and the 4×100 and 4×200 meter freestyle relay.

Franklin won the first national titles of her career in the 100 meter backstroke and freestyle. She also placed 4th in the 200 meter individual medley and 12th in the 50 meter freestyle. Towards the end of 2011 in October, at the 2011 FINA Swimming World Cup, Franklin set the first world record of her career in the 200 meter backstroke (short course), bettering the previous record of 2:00.18 held by Shiho Sakai with a time of 2:00.03. In breaking the record, Franklin became the first female to break an individual world record since the high-tech bodysuits were banned in January 2010. Franklin's second world record came at the 2011 Duel in the Pool in December. In the 4×100 meter medley relay, Franklin combined with Natalie Coughlin, Rebecca Soni, and Dana Vollmer to break the previous American-owned world record in a time of 3:45.56, bettering the previous record of 3:47.97. Swimming the freestyle leg, Franklin had a split of 51.32.

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source: www.wikipedia.org







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